peer-review process is a rigorous selection process whereby the OSSP
researcher community review research project
proposals submitted by their peers and assess the soundness of
the science which underlies them
The traditional scientific
peer-review process is a selection process that is divided into
two stages: (1) research project proposals
submitted to grant agencies are reviewed to determine whether
the proposed project should receive funding from the agency; and
(2) research/scholarly articles - papers detailing the results
of a research project - are reviewed prior to publication by scholarly journals.
In developing the OSSP
peer-review system, we examined the problems existing within this
traditional process; and developed a modified process through
which we seek to maintain a superior standard regarding the
scientific quality of the research proposals published to
receive funding from the OSSP community of investors.
Under the traditional
peer-review system, grant agencies must review projects both for
the soundness of the science which underlies them, and the
potential value of what may be gained through investing in them.
Because decisions regarding
whether or not a project is worth investing in are made by
potential investors (as opposed to The OSSP), our peer-review
system is structured to rigorously ensure the soundness of the
science underlying a given research project, and does not make
recommendations regarding whether or not a project is 'worthy'
of investment. To this end, when proposed research
projects are submitted by OSSP researchers; they are immediately
posted online for all researchers throughout the OSSP community
to review and critique.
Reviews are submitted using an
anonymous form that enables researchers to recommend whether or
not the proposal should be published, offer comments/criticism
regarding the content/structure of the proposal, and to indicate
any biases or personal interest in the project being proposed by
answering five questions. Each proposal must receive a
minimum of ten reviews submitted by researchers unaffiliated
with the researcher(s) who submits the project proposal.
peer-review feedback form presented to OSSP researchers
Researchers whose proposals
are not recommended for publication are encouraged to modify
these proposals based on the feedback they receive, and
re-submit them. Resubmitted proposals are required to
undergo a second peer-review cycle and must receive ten new
reviews submitted by researchers unaffiliated with the
researcher(s) who submits the project proposal.
There is no editorial review
conducted on the final papers published by OSSP researchers upon the
completion of their work. Instead,
researchers are encouraged to submit formally prepared manuscripts to scholarly
journals for publication while the 'informal' final papers
submitted to the OSSP are published for the benefit of the
broader OSSP community.